There are different types of insulation as far as fabrics are concerned. But first, let us know what insulation is. The term insulation is widely known as thermal insulation. Thermal insulation refers to the process of reducing heat transfer among products that are closely packed. In other terms, they suck the air out, fill in the vacuum spaces and stabilizes the temperature of the material. They are different types of insulation as far as fabrics are concerned.
Types of insulation:
There are different types of insulation that are being carried out in the market. However, only a few of them are relevant as far as fabrication is concerned. So among the various types of insulation techniques that are available, we have listed some of the methods that have close relevance to the textile industry.
The 6 different types of insulation are listed as under:
Blanket batts and rolls:
Blanket batts and rolls are mostly used with materials such as natural fibers such as wool, plastic fibers, and fiberglass. This type of insulation is used when the materials are incomplete or are found in semi-finished condition. The best part about blank batts is that it can be done by anybody at home. It is also a ‘do it yourself’ hack
Concrete block insulation:
Insulation involves a factor called R-values. Concrete block method is relevant with foam beads or air into a material to increase the R-value of the material. Today there are autoclaved concrete techniques that have 10 times better insulating value than the earlier ones.
Loose-fill and blown-in:
Loose-fill and blown-in are predominantly used with materials like cellulose, fiber and mineral wool. When a material is manufactured, there are large chances where the material doesn’t form a proper shape, and the existing finished areas seem incomplete. This is where Loose-fill and blown-in come into existence. It also covers the places that are manually hard to cover.
Rigid Fibrous Insulation:
Rigid Fibrous insulation is done when the product has to withstand high temperature. This method equips the product with the ability to bear more temperature and work with more consistency and durability. This method is usually carried out with fiber and mineral wool. It is also shortly known as fiber insulation.
The Reflective system is one of the rarest methods that is used in fabrication industry as the reflective system is highly used with thicker materials as in cardboard and plastic films. Since they are processed with materials that are relatively thicker than that of fabric, they are not extensively used in fabrication.