The process of converting the textile fiber into a fine piece of cloth through weaving results in the fabric. Different types of fabrics are available in the market. Depending on the texture, sustainability, and quality they are used by different people in different situations. To rightly understand the process in which fabric is made we have to begin with understanding the term netting. So what is netting?
Netting is a term that is widely used in the textile industry. The process of using knots and filaments in different combinations and making sure that they intersect closely. These intersections are so minute and at the same time accurate that they result in the fabric. These types of materials are made of yarns, and there are visible spaces in between unlike the perfectly woven fabric. All products that come out after the process of netting need not have to be durable, some of them can be non-durable ones too. However, this is not the whole process as the netting is only a part of fabrication, but still, we made an attempt to explain netting because it is one concept that you cannot afford to miss out in the making of fabric.
Types of fabric:
Let us quickly see the important types of fabric that are available
- Cotton Fabric
- Silk Fabric
- Linen Fabric
- Wool fabric
- Leather Fabric
- Hemp Fabric
- Jute Fabric
The above-stated fibers such as wool, cotton, and silk are naturally available, but there are also other types of fabrics or rightly saying fibers that are humanmade some of them are
- Chiffon Fabric
- Nylon Fabric
- Velvet Fabric
- Polyester Fabric
- Denim Fabric
- Rayon Spandex
The list is quite long, but it doesn’t end here. Many other types of unsaid fibers are used in industrial sectors and other special purposes. They are used in different circumstances as and when they arise. The above listed are most commonly found and used fabrics by people. Since most of the above-listed fabrics are used by people in large quantities, they do not need a lot of explanation.
Now let us get to the prime point of this whole article, what is the process that goes behind the making of a piece of fabric. Different fabrics result in different materials at the end, but the industrial process is same for most of them. So here go the process that is involved in the making of fabric. There are three stages involved in production of fabric they are
Production of yarn:
As listed about there are a lot of fibers both natural and man-made are available. These fibers that are available in the raw state have to be converted into yarn so that they can be further processed to reach the stage of the fabric. Spinning is the process that is involved in the production of yarn, which can be done both by hand and a spinning wheel. The fiber is spun and collected in a bobbin. The material collected in bobbin is nothing but long strands of thread that is prone to weaving.
Weaving is the second stage in the manufacturing process. Once the yarn is ready, the weaving process begins. This process involves brings together the loose yarn into one material. This is done through a machine that is called a loom. Loom is connected to a computer to help the weft understand how the process has to go about. Two sets of yarns are required here, the first one that forms the base of the metal frame is known as warp set and the second yarn set that covers the base is called the weft.
Processing is the final step that is involved in the making of fabric. Once you see the fabric in hand, the last step is to process the fabric. Processing helps in increasing the durability of the fabric that is created. Here the fabric is treated to remove all the impurities and make the color of the fabric look good. Also, a lot of chemical and natural cleansers like wax and oil are also employed to carrying this processing step.